As an opponent of slavery, Lincoln won the U.S. presidential nomination of the Republican Party in 1860 and was subsequently elected president. His reign was marked by the defeat of the Confederate State of America, a pro-slavery, the American Civil War. He issued a decree ordering the abolition of slavery through the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, and added a thirteenth article in the U.S. Constitution in 1865.
Lincoln closely watching the war, including the selection of warlords such as Ulysses S. Grant. Historians conclude that Lincoln organized factions within the Republican Party well, bringing leaders of each faction into his cabinet and forcing them to work together. Lincoln managed to ease tensions with the UK following the scandal of Trent in 1861. Under his leadership the North occupied the South from the beginning of the war. Lincoln then was re-elected U.S. president in 1864.
The opponents of the war criticized Lincoln for his refusing to compromise on slavery. Instead, the conservatives of the Radical Republican faction, the faction of pro abolition of slavery Republican Party, criticized Lincoln for his slow the removal perbudakan.Walaupun hampered by various obstacles, Lincoln managed to unify public opinion through rhetoric and speeches; speech is the best speech late Gettysburg.Mendekati war, Lincoln moderate to reconstruction, the nation longed for reunification through a policy of reconciliation software. His successor, Andrew Johnson, also longed for reunification whites, but failed to defend the rights of the newly freed slaves. Lincoln is rated as the greatest president in the history of America.
ChildhoodAbraham Lincoln was born in a small shack in Kentucky, February 12, 1809. His parents were poor and uneducated. Lincoln himself was only taste education for about a year, but in the short time he was able to read, write and count. when he grew up he tried hard to increase their knowledge. He uses all the best books to read, he managed to be a lawyer at the age of 28 years.
Prior to his presidencyAs a young man, Abraham Lincoln worked in various areas of law. She has worked as splitting wood fence, a soldier, a sailor on the river boats, clerks, taking care of the tavern, the postmaster, and eventually became a lawyer.
He vigorously defended the rights of African slaves. During his tenure, there are more slaves in the South, and he wanted the slaves freed. People do not agree with the plan, forming the Union of South and an army to fight against the forces of North Lincoln on the North-South war. His army won the war.
His first step into the field of politics occurred in 1832 when he was 23 years old. When he tried to be elected as member of the Regional Representatives Council of the state of Illinois, in the west-central United States. But he lost the election, two years later, he tried again and won. After that, he was elected three times in a row after that.
PresidencyIn 1847, when he was 38, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Abraham Lincoln became famous throughout the country as a political person, due to his debate with Stephen A. Senator Douglas in the U.S. election campaign in 1858. Although he lost the senatorial election, the Republicans choose a presidential candidate in the 1860 election.
At that time the United States nearly split over the issue of slavery.
6 November 1860, Lincoln became President of the United States of the 16th and a month later, the American Civil War between the states in the North and the states in the South broke. Although he hated war, President Lincoln accepted it as the only way to save the unity of the country.
In the middle of the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln issued a Proclamation of Liberation that changed lives of many people in the United States. The proclamation declared that all slaves in states purchase parts or areas of the states against the United States will be free starting January 1, 1863. Proclamation that sparked the spirit of all those who fight for freedom, and a driving force towards the abolition of slavery throughout the United States.
President Abraham Lincoln re-elected in 1864, in the midst of the military victories of the United States towards the end of the Civil War. In the peace plan of President Abraham Lincoln is flexible and generous. He called on the people of southern rebel to lay down arms and return to the United States. The spirit becomes clear guidelines similar to the spirit of the second inaugural address. This sentence is engraved on one wall memorial Lincoln (Lincoln Memorial) in Washington DC, which reads;
"With courage and truth according to the word of God, let us strive to finish our task right now is to heal the wounds of the nation. 'President Lincoln was shot in Ford's Theatre, Washington, USA, on 14 April 1865 and died the following day, on 15 April 1865 at the age of 56 years. The killer, John Wilkes Booth was a showman who has a mental disorder, it is also one of the supporters of the opposing Confederate Confederate army handed to the government after the end of the civil war.
President Lincoln was buried in Springfield, United States and is remembered as a fighter for democracy and the world because of his services.