|Steve Jobs Biography - The Founder Apple|
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Steven Paul Jobs (born in San Francisco, California, USA, February 24, 1955, age 54 years) were born by his mother Joanne Simpson and Abdulfattah Jandali his guest student from Syria who became a political science professor. Since the baby he adopted Paul and Clara Jobs of Mountain View, Santa Clara County California. Adoptive parents that gave the name of Steven Jobs. Biological parents later married and gave her younger sister named Mona Simpson is now known as a novelist.
Steve Young through junior high and high school in Curpetino, Califonia, often after school hours teaching at Hewlett Packard Company in Palo Alto, California. So no wonder that soon after he and Steve Wozniak soon be working part-time at the company. In 1972, Jobs graduated from Homestead High School in Cupertino, California and was accepted at Reed College in Portland, Oregon, but spent / drop out after one semester. But he was soon signed up to Reed College, one of the things learned here calligraphy. "If I had never taken out of the study only one semester may not be current Mac had multiple typefaces or fonts are proportional," he said.
In autumn 1974, Jobs returned to California and began attending meetings of "Homebrew Computer Club" with Steve Wozniak. He and Wozniak with working at Atari Inc.., A manufacturer of well-known computer game, with a position as a game designer. The motivation then was to raise money for a spiritual journey to India.
Jobs then traveled to India spiritual enlightenment with his friend at Reed College, Daniel Kottke, who later became the first Apple employee. Back from India he became Buddhist with hair shaved / bald and wearing traditional Indian clothing (monk?). During this time he practiced psychedelics (sort of meditation, then Jobs are often considered odd, because walking barefoot over the snow-this kind of mindfulness meditation). These are the two or three most important things in life that he's ever done in his life.
In 1976, Jobs, then 21, and Wozniak, 26, founded Apple Computer Co.. in the Jobs family garage. The personal computer Jobs and Wozniak introduced the Apple I. given name The computer was sold for U.S. $ 666.66, as a reference to the phone number of Wozniak's Dial-A-Joke machine, which ended in -6666.
In 1977, Jobs and Wozniak introduced the Apple II, which became a huge success in the home market and give Apple a big influence in the personal computer industry was still young. In 1980, Apple Computer became a publicly traded corporation, and with a successful IPO, Jobs grew. That same year, Apple Computer Apple III release, although success was not as good as before.
While Jobs was a persuasive and charismatic for Apple, many who regard him as a leader who easily changes his mind and high emotionless. In 1985, after much cause problems of leadership in the Apple, Sculley Jobs dismiss from office and expelled from Apple.
Once out of Apple, Jobs founded a computer company anymore, NeXT Computer, like Lisa, NeXT was ahead in terms of technology, but never became famous, but in the scope of scientific research. (Tim Berners-Lee developed the World Wide Web system at CERN using a NeXT workstation.) But NeXT help advance technologies like-object-oriented programs, PostScript, and magneto-optical devices.
In 1996, Apple bought NeXT for U.S. $ 402 million, and brought Jobs back to the company he founded. In 1997 he became leader while at Apple after the departure of Gil Amelio.
With the purchase of NeXT, much of the technology from NeXT implemented into Apple products, notably NeXTSTEP, which evolved into Mac OS X. Under Jobs guidance the company increased sales after introducing the iMac. iMac is the first computer sold with emphasis on performance (although many iMac using advanced technology in it). Since then, the appearance of an attractive and well-known brand that has paid dividends for Apple.
Apple started to expand. With the introduction of the iPod portable music device, the iTunes software, and the iTunes Music Store, the company is doing a breakthrough in the field of personal electronic devices and online music. While stimulating innovation, Jobs also reminded his subordinates that "genuine artist to fruition," (real artists ship) the intention is, producing works on time is as important as product innovation and telling.
Jobs worked at Apple for several years with a salary of U.S. $ 1/tahun. Therefore he recorded in the Guinness World Records as "the leader of the company with the lowest salary" (Lowest Paid Chief Executive Officer). After Apple's profit from the resale, the company is releasing his title as interim leader. Currently Apple is income in the U.S. $ 219 million, according to an article written in Bloomberg website in 2003.
Jobs was admired for his skills to convince people and a superior salesman, who is often called the reality distortion field and this was evident when he gave the keynote speeches at Apple expos. However, persistence has also been invited shit. Violence head may have caused Apple to lose a golden opportunity to become a leader in the field of personal computers. Keenganannya to let other companies make compatible with Macintosh computers that Apple had to swallow defeat resulted in the capture of user's existing computer. Hardware and software companies finally decided to adopt the IBM PC platform using Microsoft's operating system. Microsoft then also to catch up with Apple by developing a graphical user interface of their own, Microsoft Windows.
In 1986 Jobs founded (with Edwin Catmull) Pixar, a computer animation studio in Emeryville, California. The company was founded from what former Lucasfilm's computer graphics division, which Jobs bought from its founder, George Lucas, for U.S. $ 10 million. A decade later, Pixar developed into a popular and successful with his breakthrough movie Toy Story. Since then Pixar has produced films that won the Academy Award that is Finding Nemo and The Incredibles. Because of his leadership at Pixar and also kemapanannya at Apple, Jobs is considered by many one of the entertainment industry observers candidate Michael Eisner's successor as leader of The Walt Disney Company, to distribute and finance films made Pixar.
Summary of Progress and Career of Steve Jobs
1955: Steve Jobs was born on February 24
1972: Jobs entered Reed College in Portland, but dropped out in just 1 semester
1974: Jobs works for video game maker Atari and attended meetings often Homebrew Computer Club with Steve Wozniak, classmates
1976: Apple Computer I made Jobs and Wozniak sold for USD 666.66
1977: Apple began to receive funding from investors. They released the Apple II, the first computer that could produce color graphics. Proceeds from sales of approximately $ 1 million per year.
1978: Lisa, Jobs's first child was born from her boyfriend, Brennan Chrissan
1980: Apple's entry into the stock market
1982: Apple's annual sales reached $ 1 billion
1983: The Lisa computer goes on sale, but less well received and withdrawn two years later. Steve Jobs appointed John Sculley as Apple's CEO.
1984: Macintosh computer went on sale
1985: Jobs and Sculley clashed and led to the cessation of Jobs. Then, following Wozniak quit Apple.
1986: Jobs founded Next Inc., the computer company premium. He also bought Pixar from director George Lucas for $ 10 million
1993: Apple introduced the Newton, a computer hanheld. Apple when it lost USD 188 million in July, and CEO Sculli replaced by Apple president Michael Spindler.
1994: Apple introduces PowerMacintosh computers using the PowerPC chip developed with IBM and Motorola. Apple licensed the Mac software that can be used other vendors.
1996: Apple bought Next for USD 430 million. Gil Amelio as CEO replacing Splinder
1997: Steve Jobs returned to Apple as an advisor. One of the first steps is to stop the Mac software licenses to other companies
1998: Apple again record profits and introduce the iMac. Computer Newton discontinued production
2000: Jobs named CEO of Apple
2001: The iPod goes on sale, and also a computer with operating system OS X
2003: Apple releases iTunes, recorded sales of over 1 million songs in first week
2004: Jobs underwent surgery for pancreatic cancer
2006: Disney bought Pixar for USD 7.4 billion and makes Jobs even richer
2007: Apple released the iPhone which received splashy
2009: Jobs underwent a medical leave for a liver transplant. He returned to work in June.
2010: Jobs introduces the iPad again so phenomenal gadget
2011: Jobs resigns as CEO of Apple because it was no longer able to carry out the task
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